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ާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ

ѧܧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧѧ ѧۧߧ

ާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ ѧӧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ () ߧ ܧߧڧէ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ. ߧ ާԧ էѧӧѧ ڧݧ ֧֧էѧӧѧ ݧڧ֧ߧ٧ڧ.

֧ݧ, ҧ ڧߧާѧڧ ާԧݧ ڧѧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ, ߧ էݧاߧ:

  • ڧާ֧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ֧ߧߧ ҧݧѧԧէѧ ӧ֧ ֧ܧ֧ߧ,
  • ҧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ݧڧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧߧާ ܧԧ ݧڧ,
  • ӧݧ ҧ֧ܧ ѧ٧ާߧ ާ֧ ߧ ٧ѧܧߧߧԧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ ڧߧާѧڧ ֧ݧ ѧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ ֧ܧ֧ߧ, ӧܧݧѧ ٧ѧܧݧ֧ߧڧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ܧߧڧէ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ է֧ݧӧާ ѧߧ֧ѧާ էڧߧ֧ߧߧާ.

֧ѧߧܧڧߧڧӧѧߧߧ ݧ֧ߧڧ, ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ڧݧ ѧܧڧ էҧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ էԧڧާ ݧڧѧާ ҧ, ڧӧ֧ѧڧ ֧ߧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧܧڧܧ, ڧѧ֧ ߧ֧էҧӧ֧ߧ ѧܧڧܧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ֧ ѧ ߧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ.

֧ݧ, ܧѧ֧ӧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ ާا֧ ѧߧ ݧҧѧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ܧѧ էѧ֧ ֧էڧڧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧߧ ֧ڧާ֧ӧ ӧݧ֧ ֧ܧ֧ߧ. ާا֧ ҧ ܧѧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧߧާѧڧ (ߧѧڧާ֧, ڧߧާѧڧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ѧ, էѧߧߧ ѧާѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ֧ܧ ܧާ֧ߧ ԧѧާ), ѧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧѧ (ߧѧڧާ֧, ާ֧է ҧ, ڧܧ ѧӧڧܧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ڧݧ ֧ܧݧѧާߧ ѧ֧ԧڧ).

ާާ֧֧ܧѧ ѧۧߧ ާا֧ ѧܧا ֧էѧӧݧ ҧ ֧ѧߧڧ ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ܧ է֧ݧߧ ӧݧ ѧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ էߧڧ, ߧ ֧ѧߧڧ, ܧ ӧݧ֧ ѧۧߧ, էѧ ܧާѧߧڧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧߧ ֧ڧާ֧ӧ.

ܧѧ֧ӧ ڧާ֧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ܧѧ ާا֧ ҧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ, ާاߧ ڧӧ֧ ڧߧѧߧӧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ާݧ, ֧֧ ڧէߧ ܧէ.

٧ѧӧڧڧާ ѧӧӧ ڧ֧ާ ѧߧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ݧڧҧ ާ ҧ֧ ܧߧ֧ڧ ѧߧ ߧ֧էҧӧ֧ߧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧڧ, ݧڧҧ ߧ ߧӧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧ ݧا֧ߧڧ ڧݧ ֧֧է֧ߧߧԧ ѧӧ ҧݧѧ ѧߧ ܧߧڧէ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ.

ݧ ԧ ҧ ߧ ֧է֧ݧڧ, ڧާ֧ݧ ާ֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ, ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ѧާ֧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ݧӧ ܧѧاէ է֧ݧߧ ݧѧ. էߧѧܧ ֧ݧ ߧ֧էҧӧ֧ߧѧ ѧܧڧܧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ܧ֧ߧ ڧߧާѧڧ ӧѧӧѧ֧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ڧߧѧ, ߧѧ֧ߧڧ էԧӧ ٧ݧ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ էӧ֧ڧ֧.

ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ ߧ ާا֧ ާ֧ѧ էԧڧ ݧڧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧ ا ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ҧݧ ݧ֧ߧ ڧݧ ѧ٧ѧҧѧߧ ڧާ ѧާ֧ݧߧ ާ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ҧѧߧԧ ֧ܧڧӧѧߧڧ, ѧߧѧݧڧ٧ ߧܧ . . ܧݧܧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ, ݧڧڧ ѧ֧ߧ, ߧ ҧߧѧէ, ߧ ߧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ ѧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާ ?٧ѧڧߧ? ѧߧ, ѧ ܧѧ ߧ ӧݧ ѧ ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧԧ ӧߧ ֧ߧڧܧ. ѧڧާ֧, ֧ݧ ֧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧ֧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧۧߧ, ݧѧ ֧ԧ ѧާ֧ݧߧ ѧ٧ѧҧܧ էԧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ֧ ѧܧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ ާا֧ ݧڧ ѧ֧ߧ ߧ ֧ ڧݧ ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧ ֧ԧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ݧ֧٧ߧ ާէ֧ݧ.

ڧէ֧: ѧܧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧѧ ѧۧߧ

ާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ ߧ ѧܧڧܧ

ާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ ܧݧ֧ӧ ܧާߧ֧ߧ ֧ݧ֧ . ߧ ާԧѧ ܧާѧߧڧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ ѧߧ ӧڧ ֧ܧ֧ߧ ާ, ߧ-ѧ էԧ ӧѧاߧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ܧѧ էѧ֧ ڧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧ ֧ڧާ֧ӧ.

The iconic Angostura Bitters bottle with its trademark oversized label
(: Flickr/Dominic Lockyer)

֧ܧ֧ ѧڧҧܧڧ ӧ

ߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧѧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ڧߧѧէݧ֧اѧѧ ܧާѧߧڧ Angostura Limited ڧ ڧߧڧէѧէ ҧѧԧ, ֧ӧ֧ ا էӧ֧ ݧ֧. ݧڧ ֧ ѧߧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ.

Rubber, one of Thailand's most important exports, is used to create a variety of products
(: Flickr/Glenn Brown)

ѧ ܧѧڧ ݧѧҧѧڧ է ߧܧ

ݧ ѧߧ ӧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧߧ-֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ٧ѧҧ ѧڧݧѧߧէ ߧӧߧ ڧݧ٧֧ ѧ֧ߧ. ڧߧԧէ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ, ҧ֧ߧߧ էݧ ѧߧ ߧ-ѧ.

(: Liz West)

ҧݧѧߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ

ާ֧ڧܧѧߧܧѧ ܧާѧߧڧ Tiatros Inc. ڧݧ٧֧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧߧ էݧ ѧߧ ӧڧ ߧ-ѧ. ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ ڧ֧ާ ާԧѧ֧ ֧ ҧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧҧߧ.

ѧܧߧ էԧӧ

֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ

ѧߧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ѧۧ ӧ֧ѧ ѧڧߧ ѧڧاܧ ܧߧӧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ߧܧڧ ӧ٧ ܧ ӧݧߧ֧ , (ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ) ֧ާڧߧ ԧӧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ().

ѧܧߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ (WIPO Lex)

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ WIPO Lex  ܧާݧ֧ܧߧ ڧߧާ֧ߧ, ٧ӧݧڧ ڧܧѧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.