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ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

ѧܧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ?

ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ C ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ, ֧ݧ ܧԧ ҧ֧֧ڧ ѧ٧ݧڧڧ ާ֧اէ ӧѧѧާ ڧݧ ݧԧѧާ ѧ٧ߧ ֧էڧڧ. ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ѧߧ֧ާ ѧӧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.

ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ/֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧ ӧߧ ѧߧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ ާاߧ ݧڧ ֧էӧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ, էѧ ٧ѧӧܧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ/֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧ ӧ֧էާӧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ ݧѧڧ ֧ҧڧ֧ ݧڧߧ. ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ӧߧ ӧѧ ֧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ӧҧ: ӧ ާا֧ ݧڧҧ էѧ ٧ѧӧܧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ ӧ֧էާӧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ ܧѧاէ ѧߧ, ܧ ӧ you ڧ ݧڧ ѧߧ, ݧڧҧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ.

ڧߧڧ, ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ էѧ ڧܧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧ ߧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧԧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ. ٧ߧѧѧ֧, ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ ާا֧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧ ڧܧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ֧ԧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ ݧڧҧ ҧ ݧڧ֧ߧ٧ڧӧѧ էԧ ߧ էݧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ٧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ݧѧ. ֧ԧڧѧڧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧӧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ܧ֧ݧ֧ ݧا֧ߧڧ ѧӧҧݧѧէѧ֧ݧ, ߧѧڧާ֧, ݧѧ է֧ҧߧ اҧ.

֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ ާا֧ ӧѧڧӧѧ, ߧ ҧߧ ѧӧݧ֧ է֧ ݧ֧. ާا֧ էݧ֧ӧѧ ҧ֧ܧߧ֧ߧ ڧݧ ѧ ݧѧ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ݧڧ. ѧӧ ߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ ӧݧ ѧӧѧާ ѧߧ ݧڧ, ڧ ѧߧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ֧էӧ է֧ҧߧ ڧܧѧ٧.

ݧӧ ڧݧ ֧ѧߧڧ ݧ, ҧܧ ڧ ӧݧߧ ާԧ ֧էѧӧݧ ҧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧ. էߧѧܧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ާԧ ѧܧا ڧ ڧߧܧ, ڧާӧݧ, ҧ֧ާߧ ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ѧܧڧ ܧѧ ާ ѧܧӧܧ ӧѧ, ߧ֧ӧڧ٧ѧݧߧ ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ, ѧܧڧ ܧѧ ٧ӧܧ ڧݧ ٧ѧѧ, ݧڧҧ ӧ֧ӧ ֧ߧܧ, ڧݧ٧֧ާ ܧѧ֧ӧ ݧڧڧ֧ݧߧ ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ C ӧ٧ާاߧ ҧݧѧ ҧ֧٧ԧѧߧڧߧ.

֧ާ ӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ӧ֧ѧ ߧѧ ߧ ܧѧاէ ѧԧ, ڧէ֧ ݧ ާ ԧӧ ֧ߧ ڧݧ ڧէڧ էާ ֧ݧ֧ӧڧ٧. ߧ ӧݧ ߧ֧֧ާݧ֧ާ ڧߧާ֧ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ է֧ݧӧԧ ާڧ.

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(: iStock.com/jbk_photography)

ڧ٧

ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ, ӧܧݧѧ ٧ߧѧܧ ҧݧاڧӧѧߧڧ, ҧ֧ߧߧ ӧѧاߧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧݧ. ݧ֧ ԧ, ߧ ӧݧ ڧߧާ֧ߧ էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ԧ ֧ܧ.

iStock_000019152244_600
(: iStock.com/kaan tanman)

ѧܧ֧ڧߧԧӧ ڧߧ֧ԧڧ٧

֧ߧ ާѧܧ֧ڧߧ ٧ѧӧڧڧ ӧ٧ѧڧާߧڧާѧߧڧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ էѧӧ ӧѧ ݧ.

iStock_000016548756_600
(: iStock.com/hjalmeida)

էߧ/ڧէ֧ߧڧߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

٧ѧڧާӧԧէߧ ֧֧ߧڧ֧ էݧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ էߧ/ڧէ֧ߧڧߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ާا֧ ѧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ֧ӧӧѧߧڧ.

ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ, էԧӧ էܧާ֧ߧ

ԧӧ, ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ߧܧڧ ܧ ӧݧߧ֧ , ӧާ֧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧާ ֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧާ ٧ѧܧߧѧާ ѧӧݧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ-ѧӧӧ ҧѧ٧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ.

ӧާ֧ߧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ

ӧާ֧ߧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ҧݧ էԧӧݧ֧ߧ ӧ֧ ߧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ:

  • ѧߧ ҧ֧ڧ٧ӧ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧܧ PDF, Joint Recommendation Concerning Provisions on the Protection of Well-Known Marks
  • ڧ֧ߧ٧ڧ ߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ PDF, Joint Recommendation Concerning Trademark Licenses
  • ѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ էԧڧ ѧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ߧ ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ߧ֧ PDF, Joint Recommendation Concerning Provisions on the Protection of Marks, and Other Industrial Property Rights in Signs, on the Internet

ѧӧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ

  • ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ѧܧڧܧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ: ֧٧ާ ӧ֧ ߧ ӧߧڧ PDF, Summary of Replies to the Questionnaire on Trademark Law and Practice, Rev. 1
  • ҧѧا֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ѧէڧڧߧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ: ҧݧѧ ӧѧէ֧ߧڧ PDF, Representation of Non-Traditional Marks C Areas of Convergence
  • ֧է ӧ٧ѧا֧ߧڧ ڧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧԧ ٧ߧѧܧ: ҧݧѧ ӧѧէ֧ߧڧ PDF, Trademark Opposition Procedures - Areas of Convergence
  • ߧӧѧߧڧ էݧ ܧѧ٧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ էݧ ӧ֧ ӧڧէ ٧ߧѧܧ PDF, Grounds for Refusal of all Types of Marks
  • ֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧էߧ ѧ֧ܧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ֧ڧڧܧѧڧߧߧ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ PDF, Technical and Procedural Aspects Relating to the Registration of Certification and Collective Marks
  • ѧߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ѧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ PDF, ѧߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ѧ  ֧ԧڧѧڧ  ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ  ܧѧ֧ӧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

WIPO Lex ٧ѧܧߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧ֧ ѧا֧ߧڧ

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ?WIPO Lex? ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ܧާݧ֧ܧߧ ڧܧӧ ڧߧާ֧ߧ, ٧ӧݧڧ ӧէڧ ڧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ()

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ, ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ () ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ , ѧާܧѧ ܧԧ ԧէѧӧ-ݧ֧ߧ ҧاէѧ ӧ ݧڧڧܧ ѧӧӧ ӧ, ܧѧѧڧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ѧߧէѧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ.

ݧ֧էߧڧ ٧ѧ֧էѧߧڧ

. (: WIPO)

֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

ѧէڧէܧѧ ڧ֧ާ ѧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

ѧէڧէܧѧ ڧ֧ާ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ֧էާѧڧӧѧ֧ ֧էڧߧ ֧է ֧ԧڧѧڧ ٧ߧѧܧ ߧ ֧ڧڧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ԧէѧ, .. ӧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ާ էߧ ٧ѧӧܧ, ѧӧݧ֧ާ ߧ էߧ ٧ܧ ݧѧڧӧѧ֧ާ էߧ ӧѧݧ.

ڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ էԧڧ ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ

ݧҧѧݧߧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ҧ֧ߧէѧ

ѧ ݧҧѧݧߧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ҧ֧ߧէѧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ݧ֧ԧܧڧ է էѧߧߧ ҧ֧ߧէѧ ڧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ڧߧڧܧ, ӧܧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ, ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ڧڧѧݧߧ ާҧݧ֧ާ.

ڧܧѧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ: է֧ߧߧ ڧ

ڧܧѧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧ֧ާ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ӧѧ ݧ, ڧݧ٧֧ާ էݧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ٧ߧѧܧ.

ާ֧اߧ ݧԧ

iStock_000014585256_600
(: iStock.com/Ina Peters)

ڧѧҧߧܧѧ ڧ֧ާ էݧ ѧߧ ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧ߧڧ էܧ

ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ߧߧ ԧ ڧݧ ڧߧԧ էܧ ާԧ ҧ ܧݧ ٧էѧߧڧ ҧ֧ߧէ, ҧէ ѧާѧߧܧ ڧݧ ڧԧѧ Habanos. ڧѧҧߧܧѧ ڧ֧ާ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧߧ ѧܧڧ ڧ٧է֧ݧڧ ֧էӧ էߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ.

iStock_000007133219_600
(: iStock.com/yesphoto)

ѧ 6ter ԧէѧӧ֧ߧߧ ާҧݧ֧ާ

ѧ 6ter ֧էߧѧ٧ߧѧѧ֧ էݧ ѧߧ ԧ֧ҧ, ݧѧԧ էԧڧ ԧէѧӧ֧ߧߧ ާҧݧ֧ ԧէѧ-ѧߧڧܧ ѧڧاܧ ܧߧӧ֧ߧڧ.

i_000009093793_600
(: iStock.com/zimmytws)

ݧ֧ߧѧڧӧߧ ֧ԧݧڧӧѧߧڧ

֧ߧ ѧҧڧѧا ֧էߧڧ֧ӧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ էݧ ֧ԧݧڧӧѧߧڧ ҧݧѧ էާ֧ߧߧ ڧާ֧ ߧ֧ߧ֧, ӧ֧ӧڧ ڧ ѧӧѧ ߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ.