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ѧ ֧ݧ: ٧էѧӧѧ ҧѧݧѧߧڧӧѧߧߧ  ֧ܧڧӧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧ֧ާ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ֧ާڧߧѧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ  ӧ֧ӧ  ڧߧ֧֧ѧ ڧѧݧߧ-ܧߧާڧ֧ܧԧ  ܧݧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧ֧ ѧ.

ݧԧ

֧էѧӧݧ֧ ݧԧ ҧݧѧ , ܧ ڧާݧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ӧ֧ӧ

ѧ֧ߧ

֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧ֧ާ

ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ڧ֧ާ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧

֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ڧ֧ާ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧

ѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ

֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ڧ֧ާ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ

ݧ֧ߧѧڧӧߧ ֧ԧݧڧӧѧߧڧ

֧ߧ ѧҧڧѧا ֧էߧڧ֧ӧ

էާ֧ߧߧ ڧާ֧ߧѧ

֧ߧ ѧҧڧѧا ֧էߧڧ֧ӧ

ݧڧڧܧ

ݧاڧ ݧѧէܧ էݧ ѧ٧ѧҧܧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ҧݧѧ ѧڧ֧ ӧ֧ ٧ѧڧߧ֧֧ӧѧߧߧ . ݧ֧էڧ ٧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧާ էڧܧڧާ ֧֧ԧӧѧާ է էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧ֧ާ ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ѧ ߧ ٧ѧ֧էѧߧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ԧѧߧ .

(: /Berrod)

ѧ֧էѧߧڧ

ݧ֧էڧ ٧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧާ էڧܧڧާ ֧֧ԧӧѧާ է էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧ֧ާ ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ѧ ߧ ٧ѧ֧էѧߧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ԧѧߧ .

(: /Berrod)

ѧާҧݧ֧

է֧ է֧ӧѧ ֧ڧ ٧ѧ֧էѧߧڧ ѧާҧݧ֧ ݧѧ ѧ-ܧӧѧڧ ֧ߧ֧ӧ 30 ֧ߧҧ C 9 ܧҧ 2019 ԧէ.

(: /Martin)

ԧӧ

ӧݧߧ֧ ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ߧܧڧ 26 ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ, ܧѧѧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ѧ֧ܧ . ާ֧ߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ ݧ֧اѧ ߧӧ ڧ֧ާ .

էߧڧ֧ӧ

٧էѧ֧ ݧӧڧ էݧ էߧڧ֧ӧ ԧէѧ, ܧާѧߧڧ է֧ݧߧ ݧڧ ҧݧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ܧѧ֧ӧ اڧ٧ߧ

(: /Berrod)

Aܧѧէ֧ާڧ

ާا֧ ݧҧ ӧ֧ާ ٧ѧڧѧ ߧ ܧ էڧѧߧڧߧߧԧ ڧݧ ߧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ, ܧ ӧ֧է ֧ڧѧݧڧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.

(: GETTY IMAGES/DRAFTER123)

ާ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ

ԧѧާާ է֧ۧӧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ ݧڧ ҧ֧ݧѧߧ ѧӧӧ ܧߧݧѧڧ ѧ֧ߧߧԧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧԧ ӧѧ ѧ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ.

(: IPOPHIL)

֧ߧ էէ֧اܧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ է ܧѧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ӧ٧ѧߧߧ ߧ֧ ݧԧѧ.

(: /Parrella)

ߧڧ էߧ ܧߧڧ () ֧ާڧ ѧڧڧ ާڧӧ ߧ ܧߧڧ էߧ ާѧѧ ҧ֧֧ڧ է ߧڧ էݧ ݧէ֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧާ ٧֧ߧڧ.

(: iStock.com/?robertsrob)

WIPO GREEN (?֧ݧ֧ߧѧ ?) էէ֧اڧӧѧ֧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧߧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ ٧֧ݧ֧ߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ާԧѧ ߧѧݧѧէڧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ ާ֧اէ ѧӧڧܧѧާ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ݧ ߧѧާ, ٧ѧڧߧ֧֧ӧѧߧߧާ ߧӧѧܧڧ ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ҧ֧٧ѧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ.


WIPO Re:Search

WIPO Re:Search C ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ܧ, ٧ӧݧڧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ԧէѧӧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧߧԧ ֧ܧ է֧ݧڧ ߧѧѧҧܧѧާ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ާڧӧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧܧڧ ҧ֧ӧ, ٧ѧߧڧާѧڧާ ҧݧ֧ާѧާ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ.

ߧѧߧڧ

֧էѧӧݧ֧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ߧ֧ҧէڧާ էݧ ڧߧڧ ѧ֧ԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ

ݧҧѧݧߧѧ ڧߧѧܧ


PATENTSCOPE

ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ.

ݧҧѧݧߧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ҧ֧ߧէѧ

٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ էѧߧߧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ, ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ާҧݧ֧ާѧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧߧڧܧ.

ݧҧѧݧߧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ҧѧ٧ѧ

ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧, ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ ѧѧԧܧ ڧ֧ާ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ԧէѧӧѧާ ӧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ߧէѧ.

WIPO Lex

ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ , ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧѧާ.

ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧܧ

(: iStock.com/? NicoElNino)

ا֧ԧէߧ ҧ٧ ҧݧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ݧ

ѧܧ, ڧ ѧߧѧݧڧڧܧ.

ܧݧѧ ݧا֧ߧڧ ҧݧѧ ާڧ

էҧߧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ߧ֧ܧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ֧ .

ܧݧѧ ?: ѧܧ ڧ?

ҧ٧ ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ֧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, էԧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ߧ ߧӧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ٧ ݧ֧էߧڧ ݧߧ ԧ.

ݧҧѧݧߧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧߧߧ ڧߧէ֧ܧ

٧էӧާ ҧѧ٧ اڧ٧ߧ: ҧէ֧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ.