k8ֵ¼


???????: ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????????

????? ??????? ???????

????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????

????????

?????? ?????? ????????

???????? ????????

?????? ?????? ???????? ????????

???????? ????????

?????? ?????? ????????

?????? ??????

?????? ?????? ??????? ??????

????? ?????????

???? ?????? ??????? ????????

????? ?????? ??? ????????

???? ?????? ??????? ????????

??????? ??????

???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????. ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????????.

(????: ??????)

????????

?????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????????.

(Berrod/????: ??????)

?????? ??????

????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? 30 ?????? ??? 9 ?????? 2019.

(MARTIN/????: ??????)

??????? ??????

???? ?????? 26 ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????. ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????.

???????

????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????.

(Berrod/????: ??????)

???????? ??????

???? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????.

(??????: iStock.com/?StockFinland)

?????? ?????? ?????????

???? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????.

(??????: IPOPHIL)

????? ??? ??????????? ?????????

????? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????.

(Parrella/????: ??????)

???? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????.

(??????: iStock.com/?robertsrob)

???? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????.


????? ???????? WIPO Re:Search

?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????.

???????

????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???????? ????????????

?????? ??????? ???????? ????????


??? ???????? PATENTSCOPE

?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????????.

????? ?????? ???????? ????????

??? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????.

????? ?????? ???????? ????????

????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????????.

???? ????

100 14 ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???.

??????? ?? ?????

(??????: iStock.com/? NicoElNino)

????????? ????? ???????

????? ?????? ???????? ?????.

??????? ??????? ??????? ???????

???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???????.

????? ?????? ??????? ???????

???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ????? ???????.

???? ???????? ???????

??????? ????? ???? - ?????? ???????? ?????.