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ݧڧڧܧ

ݧاڧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ, ѧާܧѧ ܧԧ ֧էѧӧڧ֧ݧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧ, ާ֧اѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ֧ߧߧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ, ѧݧ֧ӧ ԧ ԧѧاէѧߧܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ ҧاէѧ ӧ, ӧ٧ߧڧܧѧڧ ֧ .

ѧ ԧէѧӧ-ݧ֧ߧ ߧѧҧݧէѧ֧ݧ ֧ԧݧߧ ӧ֧ѧ ߧ ֧ڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ܧӧէڧ ԧѧߧ . ֧ݧ ڧ ӧ֧ C ҧէڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ߧӧ ߧާ, ܧ ٧ӧݧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧ֧ާ ӧ֧ӧӧѧ ֧ѧݧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ԧ ާڧ ݧاڧ ӧ֧ ߧէѧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ֧ݧ C ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ӧ֧ӧ.

Making International IP Law
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ާڧӧѧߧڧ ߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧԧ ѧӧ

"ߧԧߧߧڧ է ާڧ֧ ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ߧ֧ڧާ ֧ߧߧ ݧ֧ԧڧڧާߧ ߧڧӧ֧ѧݧߧ", - ֧ߧ֧ѧݧߧ էڧ֧ܧ ߧڧ ѧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ "ߧѧݧ ", ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧܧѧݧߧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ٧ӧѧ.

ڧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ԧѧߧ ԧѧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧֧ԧӧ

ѧߧ֧ ڧӧ֧ا֧ߧߧ ڧߧڧѧ ѧߧѧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ӧѧߧ. էܧާ֧ߧ ٧ѧ֧էѧߧڧ էߧ ֧اڧާ ߧݧѧۧ. ާا֧ ѧܧا ҧ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ݧ֧էڧ ٧ է էڧܧڧ ߧ ֧ڧ ѧާҧݧ֧ ܧާڧ֧ ާ ާ ߧ֧ߧ֧-ѧߧݧڧ ڧݧ ا ݧڧ է ӧڧէ֧٧ѧڧ ݧ ֧ڧ.

ܧӧէڧ ԧѧߧ

٧էѧߧߧ ߧ ߧӧѧߧڧ ߧӧ֧ߧڧ , ֧էڧ֧ݧߧ ԧѧߧ ӧݧ ӧڧާ էڧ֧ܧڧӧߧާ ԧѧߧѧާ . ѧէڧڧߧߧ ߧ ҧڧѧ ֧ߧҧ/ܧҧ ܧѧاէԧ ԧէ ߧ ֧֧էߧ ڧݧ ӧߧ֧֧֧էߧ ֧ڧ.

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧

֧ڧѧݧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ܧ֧, ֧اէ֧ߧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ֧ ֧ߧ֧ѧݧߧ ѧާҧݧ֧ ܧѧܧ- ܧߧܧ֧ߧ ֧ݧ, ߧѧڧާ֧ էݧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ C ڧݧ ӧڧ ѧܧӧ C ߧӧ էԧӧߧ ݧا֧ߧڧ:

ѧҧڧ ԧ

ҧ ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ڧݧ ڧߧ ԧѧ ާا֧ ѧܧا ڧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ٧էѧߧڧ ѧҧ֧ ԧ էݧ ҧݧ֧ է֧ѧݧߧԧ ѧާ֧ߧڧ ԧ ڧݧ ڧߧԧ ӧ.

ڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ

ݧ էڧ ڧ ߧߧ ڧݧ ߧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ ܧާڧ֧ ֧է֧ݧ֧, էڧԧߧ էѧߧ ԧ֧ էݧ ֧֧է ڧߧڧ էԧӧ, ֧ߧ֧ѧݧߧѧ ѧާҧݧ֧ ާا֧ ڧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ٧ӧ էڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ. C ӧ֧ ԧէѧ-ݧ֧ߧ ߧ ӧܧ ӧߧ, ٧ӧѧ֧ާѧ ֧էڧߧӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ݧ ٧ѧӧ֧֧ߧڧ ֧֧ԧӧ ߧӧާ էԧӧ. ڧݧ ѧާ ݧ֧էߧڧ ڧ ߧڧ ߧ:

٧֧ߧڧ ӧ٧ѧڧާӧ٧ ާ֧اէ էԧڧާ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧާ ֧ާѧާ

ߧ֧֧էӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧѧԧڧӧѧ֧ ѧ٧ߧҧѧ٧ߧ ӧ ݧڧڧܧ. ٧ߧѧۧ ѧҧ ߧ֧ܧ ڧ ڧ ҧݧѧ֧. ݧ ӧ ڧڧ ڧߧާѧڧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ާѧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧѧ, ܧާ ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ , ֧֧ۧէڧ ߧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ӧ֧-ѧߧڧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ѧۧ, ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧӧܧާ ѧӧ, ѧ֧ߧѧ, ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ, ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ѧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ.

֧ݧ ҧݧѧ ۧڧӧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ

ѧԧݧէߧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ٧ѧڧާӧ٧ ާ֧اէ է֧֧ݧߧ , ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧, ܧѧ ާا֧ է֧ۧӧӧѧ ֧ݧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ٧ѧէѧ ҧݧѧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧާѧ, ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ . .

(: UN Photo/M. Perret)

ѧէڧڧߧߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ

ݧڧڧܧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ҧݧѧ ѧߧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ԧ֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ ܧݧ  ާߧԧҧѧ٧ߧ ާߧԧڧݧߧ.

(: iStockPHOTO.com/tom_fewster)

ܧߧާڧ֧ܧѧ ݧڧڧܧ

ӧݧ֧ ӧѧاߧ ܧާߧ֧ߧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧ ݧڧڧܧ. է֧ۧӧ֧ ݧ֧ާ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧էӧڧ ӧҧ ڧݧ ڧߧ ݧڧڧܧ ҧݧѧ ӧݧ֧ ڧߧڧܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ܧߧާڧܧ .

(: iStockphoto.com/nicolas_)

ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ

ߧߧӧѧڧ ٧ӧݧڧݧ էҧڧ ҧݧڧ ֧ ҧݧѧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ. ѧէѧ էڧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ԧѧߧ ڧ ڧܧ ҧѧݧѧߧ ڧާݧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧڧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ է ֧٧ݧѧѧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ էݧ ֧, ܧ ҧݧ ӧ֧ԧ ߧڧ ߧاէѧ֧.

(: iStockpoto.com/Foxtrot101)

٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧާѧ

٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧާѧ ӧݧ֧ էߧڧ ڧ ӧ֧էڧ ӧ٧ӧ  ߧѧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ. ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧ֧ ֧ݧ է ٧ѧڧߧ֧֧ӧѧߧߧ ֧ݧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ ݧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ ҧݧ֧ ܧݧԧڧ.

(: iStockphoto.com/petesaloutos)

ܧߧܧ֧ߧߧѧ ݧڧڧܧ

ڧ٧ѧ֧ ӧ٧ѧڧާӧ٧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧߧ ݧڧڧܧ, ڧާݧڧ֧ էڧѧݧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ ֧ ҧާ֧ ֧֧էӧާ ާ֧էѧާ ѧҧ.