k8ֵ¼

ѧ֧ߧ

ѧܧ ѧ֧ߧ?

ѧ֧ߧ C ڧܧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧ ߧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ. ѧ֧ߧ ߧѧէ֧ݧ֧ ӧ֧ԧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ ѧӧ ֧ѧ, ܧѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ާا֧ C ާا֧ ݧ C ڧݧ٧ӧѧ էԧڧާ ݧէާ. ҧާ֧ ߧ ѧӧ ѧ֧ߧҧݧѧէѧ֧ݧ ѧܧӧѧ֧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ҧݧڧܧ֧ާ ѧ֧ߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ.

ڧߧڧ, ѧ֧ߧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ ڧާ֧֧ ڧܧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧ ֧ӧӧѧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧާ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ٧ѧѧ֧ߧӧѧߧߧԧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ݧڧҧ է֧اڧӧѧ էԧڧ ѧܧԧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ. ߧާ ݧӧѧާ, ѧ֧ߧߧѧ ѧߧ ٧ߧѧѧ֧, ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ߧ ާا֧ ڧ٧ԧѧӧݧڧӧѧ, ڧݧ٧ӧѧ, ѧѧߧ, ӧӧ٧ڧ ڧݧ էѧӧѧ էԧڧާ ݧڧѧާ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ާѧѧҧѧ ҧ֧ ԧݧѧڧ ѧ֧ߧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ.

ѧ֧ߧ C ֧ڧڧѧݧߧ ѧӧ. ֧ݧ, ڧܧݧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧ ڧާ֧ߧڧާ ݧڧ ѧߧ ڧݧ ֧ԧڧߧ, ԧէ ҧݧ էѧߧ ٧ѧӧܧ ߧ ѧ֧ߧ ҧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ѧ֧ߧ, ӧ֧ӧڧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ѧߧ ڧݧ ԧ ֧ԧڧߧ.

ѧߧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ߧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧߧ , ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ 20 ݧ֧ էѧ էѧ ٧ѧӧܧ.

֧ާ ӧ, ӧ٧ѧߧߧ ѧ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ֧

ѧ֧ߧ C ߧ ѧҧѧܧߧѧ ܧߧ֧ڧ; ѧ֧ߧ ڧԧѧ ҧ֧֧ߧߧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ݧ ߧѧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ. ӧݧ ާ ӧ٧ߧѧԧѧاէ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ܧڧ ڧէ֧, ѧ֧ߧ ڧާݧڧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ߧӧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ݧҧ ҧݧѧ.

(: breakthrough breast cancer)

ڧ֧ߧݧԧڧ ԧ֧ߧ

֧֧ߧڧ ӧ , ܧ ӧݧ֧ ҧݧѧէѧ֧ݧ֧ ѧ ߧ ԧ֧ߧߧ ާѧ֧ڧѧ, ާا֧ ҧ ݧاߧ ڧӧ֧ڧӧ ٧ѧէѧ֧. ѧ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ԧ֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ڧԧѧ֧ ܧݧ֧ӧ ݧ ѧҧ ڧܧ ާ֧է ݧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ, ܧѧ ѧ.

(: iStock.com/zokara)

ާ֧ߧ ԧѧާާ

ѧ٧ѧҧڧܧ ԧѧާާߧԧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ߧاէѧ ѧߧ ӧ֧ԧ էܧ ߧ֧ѧߧܧڧߧڧӧѧߧߧԧ ܧڧӧѧߧڧ, ܧݧܧ ߧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ܧڧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧڧ; էߧѧܧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ѧ֧ߧ էݧ ֧֧ߧڧ ٧ѧէѧ ӧ٧ӧѧ֧ ӧ.

(: iStock.com/adventtr)

ѧߧ֧ߧݧԧڧ

ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ҧݧѧ ߧѧߧ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ڧѧ էէڧާ էݧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ, ߧ֧ܧ ާާ֧ߧ ֧ҧ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧԧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ.

ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ѧ֧ߧ

ԧӧ, ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ߧܧڧ ܧ ӧݧߧ֧ , ѧܧا ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ ѧӧݧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ-ѧӧӧ ҧѧ٧ ҧݧѧ ѧ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ.

ԧӧ, ܧѧѧڧ֧ ѧ֧ߧ

֧ӧ ߧӧݧѧԧѧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ҧݧѧ ѧߧ ѧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ӧܧݧѧ ѧ֧ߧ. ߧ֧, ѧߧ, ڧ٧ݧѧԧѧ ڧߧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ֧اڧާ, ѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧ ڧڧ֧ ҧڧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ ߧ ѧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧӧ. ٧ߧѧ էҧߧ֧ ѧڧاܧ ܧߧӧ֧ߧڧ.

էԧӧ ֧اէѧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧ֧ާ էѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ, ܧѧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ڧѧڧӧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ݧҧ ڧ ާߧا֧ӧ ѧ-ݧ֧ߧ. ٧ߧѧ էҧߧ֧ PCT.

ߧߧ ҧߧӧݧ֧ާѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ڧ֧ާ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ, ڧѧߧߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧܧѧ, ٧ӧݧѧ ӧէڧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧ ڧ٧ӧݧ֧ܧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ. ٧ߧѧ էҧߧ֧ ѧҧԧܧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ.

ԧӧ PLT ѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧ ҧڧ , ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ާѧܧڧާѧݧߧ ֧ҧӧѧߧڧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ֧էߧ ާѧݧߧ, ܧѧѧڧާ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ/֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ ѧ֧ߧ. ٧ߧѧ էҧߧ֧ PLT.

էѧ֧ܧڧ էԧӧ ӧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧާ ѧܧڧ ߧ ҧڧ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ. ֧էާѧڧӧѧ֧, էݧ ֧ݧ֧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ֧է ݧҧ ԧӧѧڧӧѧ֧֧ ԧէѧӧ էݧاߧ ڧ٧ߧѧӧѧ է֧ߧڧӧѧߧڧ ާڧܧԧѧߧڧ٧ާ ?ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ԧѧߧ է֧ߧڧӧѧߧڧ?. ٧ߧѧ էҧߧ֧ էѧ֧ܧ էԧӧ.

WIPO Lex ٧ѧܧߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧ ܧ

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ WIPO Lex ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ӧ֧ҧ֧ާݧڧ ڧߧާ֧ߧ ڧܧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ  ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.

֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ӧѧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ݧڧڧܧ

֧էѧӧݧ֧ ڧܧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧߧ ާ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧާ ѧߧѧ ( ֧ҧӧѧߧڧ), ӧܧݧѧ ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ӧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ԧڧҧܧڧ ӧ٧ާاߧ֧, ֧էާ֧ߧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧާ էԧӧѧާ, ާԧѧ֧ ԧէѧӧѧ ӧݧߧ էԧӧߧ ҧ٧ѧ֧ݧ.

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ()

ѧާܧѧ ߧߧԧ ܧާڧ֧ ѧ֧ߧߧާ ѧӧ () ӧާ֧ ӧڧާ ԧէѧӧѧާ-ݧ֧ߧѧާ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧާ-ߧѧҧݧէѧ֧ݧާ ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ֧ ҧѧݧѧߧڧӧѧߧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ-ѧӧӧ ҧѧ٧ ѧ֧ߧߧާ ѧӧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ݧڧڧܧ. ݧ֧ߧ ާڧ֧ ҧاէѧ, ѧާѧڧӧѧ ֧ѧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ӧ, ܧѧѧڧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧӧ ֧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧڧ ֧ҧߧ֧ ҧ֧ӧ.

ѧ֧էѧߧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ

ԧڧ ԧѧڧ ߧ ѧۧ . (Photo: WIPO)

էѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ

PCT ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧ֧ާ

ԧӧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ܧ֧ѧڧ (PCT) ٧ӧݧ֧ էѧӧѧ էߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧܧ, ܧѧ ڧާ֧֧ ا է֧ۧӧڧ, ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧӧܧ, էѧӧѧ֧ާ է֧ݧߧ ԧէѧӧѧ-ѧߧڧܧѧ PCT. ݧ ԧӧڧ ӧܧѧ, ӧ էѧ֧ էߧ ٧ѧӧܧ ߧ էߧ ٧ܧ, ݧѧڧӧѧ ݧԧ էߧ ӧѧݧ.

DAS CASE ݧԧ էݧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧էާ

ݧاҧ ڧӧԧ է (DAS) ٧ӧݧ֧ ѧӧڧ ӧ֧էާӧѧ, ٧ѧߧڧާѧڧާ ӧѧާ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ, ҧ֧٧ѧߧ ҧާ֧ߧڧӧѧ ڧڧ֧ߧާ ڧߧާ ѧߧѧݧԧڧߧާ էܧާ֧ߧѧާ.

ڧ֧ާ ֧ߧѧݧڧ٧ӧѧߧߧԧ է ֧٧ݧѧѧ ڧܧ ܧ֧ڧ٧ (CASE) ٧ӧݧ֧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧էާӧѧ ҧ֧٧ѧߧ ҧާ֧ߧڧӧѧ էܧާ֧ߧѧڧ֧, ܧѧѧ֧ۧ ڧܧ ܧ֧ڧ٧ ӧ٧ ѧ֧ߧߧާ ٧ѧӧܧѧާ, է֧ۧӧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ܧڧӧߧާ է֧ۧӧ֧ߧߧާ ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ܧ֧ڧ٧.

ѧ֧ߧߧ ڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ

?PATENTSCOPE?

ݧѧާ PATENTSCOPE ٧ӧݧ֧ ӧէڧ ڧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ 43 ާݧ ѧ֧ߧߧ էܧާ֧ߧ, ӧܧݧѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧܧ PCT.

ѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ֧֧

ѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ֧֧ C ӧ٧ާاߧ ٧ߧѧܧާڧ ֧اڧާ ߧݧѧۧ ѧ֧ߧߧާ ֧֧ѧާ ڧڧѧݧߧާ ӧ֧ߧڧܧѧާ, ѧܧا ڧߧާѧڧ֧ ѧӧӧ ѧ ҧݧ֧ 200 ѧ ֧ڧڧѧݧߧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ ڧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ߧէ.

ѧ֧ߧߧ ݧѧߧէѧ ާާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧާ

֧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ݧѧߧէѧ ѧѧܧ֧ڧ٧ ڧѧڧ ҧݧѧ ѧ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ڧݧ ڧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ѧۧߧ. ֧ ܧݧѧڧڧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ٧ڧ ӧѧاߧ֧ۧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ݧ֧ߧߧ ֧٧ݧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧԧ ڧܧ, է֧ݧѧ ֧ ҧݧ֧ ߧѧԧݧէߧ էݧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ.

է֧ߧߧ ڧ

֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧѧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ () ڧާ֧ߧ֧ էݧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ѧ֧ߧ ݧ֧٧ߧ ާէ֧ݧ֧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧާ ҧݧѧާ ֧ߧڧܧ, ܧ ߧ ߧ.

ѧ֧ߧ, ֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ

էߧ ڧ ߧӧߧ ٧ѧէѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ާ ӧݧ֧ է֧ۧӧڧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ֧ ٧էѧߧڧ ڧާݧ էݧ ߧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧ-ܧߧܧܧڧ ѧ٧ѧҧ. ާ ԧ, ߧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ҧӧ֧ ֧֧էѧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ.

٧ߧѧۧ ҧݧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ާѧ ѧڧ ֧֧էѧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ.

ԧѧާާ է֧ۧӧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ (IAP)

ԧѧާާ է֧ۧӧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ ާԧѧ֧ ӧ֧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ֧ ֧էѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧ ާѧݧԧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧ ѧ, ѧݧѧԧѧڧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ߧߧާ ڧߧѧߧӧާ ӧ٧ާاߧާ, ѧ֧ߧߧާ ӧ֧֧ߧߧާ, ܧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ ҧ֧ݧѧߧ ڧէڧ֧ܧ ާ ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ.

(: Getty/demaerre)

ԧѧާާ ҧ֧ߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ

ԧѧާާ ҧ֧ߧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ ڧ٧ӧѧߧ ާ ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ާ ѧ٧ӧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧѧӧܧ ҧݧѧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ էѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧ.

ڧܧڧߧߧѧ ԧ . (: OMPIC)

֧ߧ էէ֧اܧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ()

ԧѧާާ ֧ߧ էէ֧اܧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ () ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ է ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧ ѧߧѧ ӧܧܧѧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ ӧڧ ݧԧѧ, ާԧѧ֧ ڧ ٧էѧӧѧ ѧߧ ӧ ѧӧ ߧ ҧ֧ܧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ѧӧݧ ڧާ.

էէ֧اܧ ֧֧էѧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ

էէ֧اڧӧѧ֧ ӧ٧ѧڧާӧԧէߧ ֧֧էѧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ֧էӧ ܧߧ ѧߧ֧ܧڧ ԧѧާ. ѧܧا ӧէڧ ֧ҧߧ էԧӧܧ ӧѧ ݧڧ֧ߧ٧ڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ.

(: iStock.com/Foxtrot101)

? ? - ԧѧާާ ۧڧӧԧ ҧާ֧ߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧާ, ܧѧ ܧ֧ ѧէѧѧڧ, ӧߧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ܧݧԧڧߧ ڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ѧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧ ѧߧѧ ѧߧѧ ާڧ֧ۧ ܧߧާڧܧ.

/research/en/
(: WIPO)

WIPO Re:Search ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ

ݧѧާ WIPO Re:Search ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ էߧ ѧܧڧӧ ֧ ҧݧѧ . ާ ԧ, ߧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ߧѧݧѧاڧӧѧ ѧߧ֧ܧڧ ӧ٧ ާ֧اէ ֧اէ֧ߧڧާ, ٧ѧߧڧާѧڧާڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧާ ߧ֧ߧڧ ٧ѧҧ ڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ֧.