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ѧڧڧܧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ

ӧڧ֧ߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ () ӧݧ ӧѧاߧ ڧߧާ֧ߧ էݧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ֧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ާڧ.

էߧڧѧ֧  ӧ֧էާӧѧާ ڧ ѧ٧ߧ ѧ ֧ާݧ֧ߧڧ ֧էѧӧڧ ߧѧڧ ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ѧާ ѧܧѧݧߧ ާڧӧ ѧڧڧܧ ҧݧѧ . ާ ԧ, ާ ҧݧڧܧ֧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧, ӧ֧ߧߧ ҧ֧ާڧӧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧݧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ էԧӧ էݧ ѧߧ ѧ ߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ӧߧ.

ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ߧӧѧߧ ߧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ݧѧ֧ާ ڧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ڧߧڧܧ, ӧܧݧѧ

ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ԧݧѧѧ ӧ٧է֧اڧӧѧ էѧݧߧ֧֧ۧ ҧݧڧܧѧڧ ڧݧ ֧ѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ܧާާ֧֧ܧڧ ֧ݧ ݧҧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ާ ԧ, ֧ݧ ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ӧܧݧѧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ܧѧܧ-ݧڧҧ ڧާ֧ߧߧ ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ, ߧ ҧ٧ѧߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ ڧߧڧ ѧܧڧ էѧߧߧ (?ѧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ?).

֧ߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ߧ ҧѧ٧ C ҧ֧ݧѧߧѧ ߧݧѧۧ-ݧاҧ, ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧѧ է ҧڧߧާ ߧէ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ާڧӧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧݧѧ . ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ާԧ ӧէڧ ڧ ާߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ֧ԧڧ, ѧܧا ާѧڧӧѧ ڧݧ ܧѧڧӧѧ ܧѧ ߧӧ֧ۧڧ, ѧ ѧڧӧߧ էѧߧߧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ ӧڧ ֧ҧߧ֧.

ѧߧߧ ֧ӧڧ ֧էߧѧ٧ߧѧ֧ էݧ ֧ڧѧݧڧ ҧݧѧ , ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ֧ ݧڧ, ӧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ ڧߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ, ڧ ѧ٧ߧ ѧ.

ݧߧڧ֧ݧߧѧ ڧߧާѧڧ ֧ߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ | ѧڧڧܧ ҧݧѧ է 1980 ԧէ

(: cherezoff/istockphoto.com)

ѧܧڧ ҧ٧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ

(: iStockphoto.com/9peaks)

ѧڧڧܧ: ѧ֧ߧ ݧ֧٧ߧ ާէ֧ݧ

ѧڧڧܧ: ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ

  • ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ѧߧѧ
  • | ֧֧֧ߧ ӧ֧էڧ ٧ѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧ ѧާܧѧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ XLS, Madrid System top applicant list
  • ߧԧѧڧܧ: էѧ ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ڧݧ ٧ѧӧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ ѧާܧѧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ 2019 ԧէ? PDF, ߧԧѧڧ:  էѧ ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ڧݧ ٧ѧӧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ  ѧާܧѧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ  2019 .?

ѧڧڧܧ: ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧

  • ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ѧߧѧ
  • | ֧֧֧ߧ ӧ֧էڧ ٧ѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧ ѧާܧѧ ѧѧԧܧ ڧ֧ާ XLS, ֧֧֧ߧ ӧ֧էڧ ٧ѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧  ѧާܧѧ ѧѧԧܧ ڧ֧ާ
  • ߧԧѧڧܧ: էѧ ҧݧ ӧ֧ԧ ٧ѧӧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ҧѧ٧ ѧާܧѧ ѧѧԧܧ ڧ֧ާ 2019 ԧէ? PDF, ߧԧѧڧ:  էѧ ҧݧ ӧ֧ԧ ٧ѧӧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ҧѧ٧  ѧާܧѧ ѧѧԧܧ ڧ֧ާ  2019 .?

ѧڧڧܧ ާڧܧԧѧߧڧ٧ާѧ

  • ݧڧ֧ӧ է֧ߧڧӧѧߧߧ ѧާާ/ҧѧ٧, ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ѧӧڧݧ 11 ߧܧڧ էѧ֧ܧާ էԧӧ - ߧ ߧӧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ٧ѧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ԧѧߧ է֧ߧڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ا֧ԧէߧ ߧڧܧѧ. XLS | CSV

ѧߧߧ ٧ѧӧܧѧ ߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ѧ ٧ 2018 ԧ

ܧѧѧ

ԧڧ ֧

ѧҧݧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ

ѧ٧ѧҧѧߧߧѧ ѧҧݧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ߧ֧ ڧߧէ֧ܧ ҧڧ ֧اէߧѧէߧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ () 35 ҧݧѧާ ֧ߧڧܧ. ѧҧݧڧ ֧ԧݧߧ ҧߧӧݧ֧ (ݧ֧էߧ֧ ҧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ C ֧ӧѧݧ 2016 ԧէ) ѧاѧ֧ ӧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ .

ߧ֧ڧ ާ֧էݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧҧݧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ PDF, Concept and methodology behind the IPC concordance table

ݧѧڧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ާڧߧ ҧݧѧ

ݧѧڧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ާڧߧ ҧݧѧ ާا֧ ݧ ߧ ߧӧߧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ֧ާڧߧ ߧڧ, ӧ֧ѧڧ֧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ .

ڧӧߧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ

ާڧާ ѧܧѧݧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ, ҧݧڧܧ֧ ѧڧӧߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ҧݧѧ ߧѧڧߧѧ 1883 ԧէ.

  • ѧڧڧܧ ѧ֧ߧѧ ZIP, ѧڧڧܧ  ѧ֧ߧѧ
  • ѧڧڧܧ ݧ֧٧ߧ ާէ֧ݧ ZIP, ѧڧڧܧ  ݧ֧٧ߧ ާէ֧ݧ
  • ѧڧڧܧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ ZIP, ѧڧڧܧ  ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧѧ
  • ѧڧڧܧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ѧ ZIP, ѧڧڧܧ  ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ѧ
  • ѧڧڧܧ ڧ֧ާ PCT (1985-1999 ԧ.) ZIP, ѧڧڧܧ ڧ֧ާ PCT (1985-1999 ԧ.)

ѧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ

ѧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ է֧اڧ ҧڧҧݧڧԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ էѧߧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ, ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ߧߧ ѧާܧѧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ. ѧߧߧ ѧէڧէܧ ڧ֧ާ ӧѧӧѧ ҧݧ֧ ѧ ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ֧, էѧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ ڧߧ֧ߧѧڧߧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ҧ֧ߧէ. ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ ܧڧӧѧߧ ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ҧ ӧ֧ѧ ֧ҧߧ ߧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧ֧ ҧ֧֧ڧ ѧ٧ѧҧڧܧ ݧڧڧܧ ѧܧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧߧާѧڧ֧, ҧѧߧߧ ߧ ӧߧ ٧ѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧.

ݧ ݧ֧ߧڧ էݧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ . 

ܧߧާڧܧ

ѧߧ ѧݧ ӧѧاߧ ѧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧ ݧڧڧܧ. ֧ާڧ է֧ۧӧӧѧ ݧ֧ާ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧էӧڧ ӧҧ ԧ ڧݧ ڧߧԧ ӧѧڧѧߧ ѧ֧ԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧ֧ާ .