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֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ

ѧܧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ?

֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ C ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ, ڧԧڧ֧ ߧ ӧѧѧ, ܧ ڧէ ڧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧԧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧ԧڧߧ ҧݧѧէѧ ӧۧӧѧާ, ֧ѧڧ֧ ڧݧ ѧѧܧ֧ߧާ ҧ֧ߧߧާ, ҧݧӧݧ֧ߧߧާ ֧ڧާ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ ڧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ.  ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ާا֧ ӧݧߧ ߧܧڧ ݧܧ ݧѧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ ߧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ էܧ ڧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ߧ. ާ ԧ, ӧۧӧ, ѧѧܧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ ֧ѧڧ ѧܧԧ էܧ էݧاߧ ҧ ҧݧӧݧ֧ߧ ֧ڧާ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ާ֧ ֧ԧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ. ܧݧܧ ӧۧӧ էܧ ٧ѧӧڧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ, ާاߧ ԧӧڧ ӧߧ ӧѧا֧ߧߧ ӧ٧ էܧ c ާ֧ ֧ԧ ڧܧߧߧԧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ.

ѧӧ ߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ֧ԧ ҧݧѧէѧ֧ݧ ֧ӧӧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ֧ڧާ ߧѧާ, էܧ ߧ ӧ֧ѧ ڧާ֧ߧڧާ ѧߧէѧѧ. ѧڧާ֧, ڧէڧܧڧ, ܧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ Darjeeling (ѧէاڧݧڧߧ), ڧ٧ӧէڧ֧ݧ ѧ Darjeeling ާԧ ӧ֧ӧӧѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ާڧߧ Darjeeling էݧ ѧ, ܧ ߧ ҧ ӧѧ֧ ߧ ڧ ݧѧߧѧڧ ڧݧ ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ѧߧէѧѧާ, ڧ٧ݧا֧ߧߧާ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ էݧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ.

էߧѧܧ ѧߧ֧ާ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ߧ ٧ӧݧ֧ ѧӧҧݧѧէѧ֧ݧ ֧ӧӧѧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ էܧڧ էԧڧާ ݧڧѧާ ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ܧѧ٧ѧߧߧ ѧߧէѧѧ էݧ էѧߧߧԧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ. ѧ ѧӧڧݧ, ѧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ߧӧӧѧ֧ ߧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ ߧ ҧ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ, ӧݧߧ֧ ߧܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ.

֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ҧߧ ڧݧ٧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧܧ٧ۧӧ֧ߧߧ էܧڧ, էܧ ڧѧߧڧ, ӧڧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ڧߧ ߧѧڧܧ, ֧ާ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ާݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ٧է֧ݧڧ.

֧ӧ֧ ߧӧߧ ҧ ѧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ:

  • ѧާܧѧ ѧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާ ڧ֧ sui generis (.. ֧ڧѧݧߧ ֧اڧާ ѧߧ);
  • ާ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧݧ ֧ڧڧܧѧڧߧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ;
  • ާ֧էѧާ ܧާާ֧֧ܧ ѧܧڧܧ, ӧܧݧѧ ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ֧է ѧ֧ѧڧ էܧڧ.

ҧ ҧ ٧ѧӧڧڧ ѧܧڧ ӧѧاߧ ѧܧ, ܧѧ ݧӧڧ ڧݧ ҧ֧ ѧߧ. էߧѧܧ էӧ ڧ ߧڧ C ڧ֧ާ sui generis ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧݧ ֧ڧڧܧѧڧߧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ C ڧާ֧ ҧڧ ѧѧܧ֧ڧڧܧ, ߧѧڧާ֧ ߧ ѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ ѧӧ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ, ܧ ҧݧէѧ֧ ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧէѧ.

֧ݧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ѧߧ ѧ٧ߧ ѧߧѧ ѧ٧ߧ ֧ԧڧߧѧݧߧ ڧ֧ާѧ ѧާާ ѧ٧ߧާ ҧѧާ, ѧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ֧ ֧ѧߧڧ էӧ ڧݧ ҧݧ֧ ӧ֧ܧѧ٧ѧߧߧ էէ. ѧߧߧ էէ ާڧӧѧݧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ѧӧӧ ѧէڧڧ ѧާܧѧ ֧ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧڧ.

ߧާѧڧߧߧ ӧڧէ֧ݧڧ: ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ڧѧҧߧܧѧ ڧ֧ާ

֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ է֧ۧӧڧ

֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ, ҧէ ӧ֧ۧѧܧڧ ԧ֧ۧ ڧݧ ާ֧ܧڧܧѧߧܧѧ ֧ܧڧݧ, ӧݧ ߧ֧֧ާݧ֧ާ ѧ ߧѧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ. ߧ ߧ ݧܧ ٧ӧݧ ܧާѧߧڧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧ ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ӧۧӧ ӧ֧ էܧڧ, ߧ ڧߧާڧ ڧӧݧ֧ܧѧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ֧ҧڧ֧ݧ֧. ٧ߧѧ ҧݧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ӧ ާا֧ ڧ ҧݧڧܧѧڧ ?֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ - ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ?.

(: fuzyboy)

ܧ

ߧڧܧѧݧߧ ԧݧҧ ڧ ѧߧڧ ٧֧ӧѧ֧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ֧֧ѧ ӧܧ ѧۧߧ ܧ--ݧ٧ ѧߧ֧ ާ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ.

(: Gogo Chanadiri)

٧ڧߧܧ ӧڧߧ

֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ާԧѧ ѧܧ ֧ߧڧѧ է֧ӧߧ֧ ѧէڧڧ ԧ٧ڧߧܧԧ ӧڧߧէ֧ݧڧ.

(: Liz West)

ѧۧ ڧߧԧ, ѧݧا֧ߧߧ ֧ӧ֧ ֧ܧڧߧ (ڧѧ), ڧ٧ӧ֧֧ ܧѧ ѧާ ܧߧ ֧ڧܧӧ ٧ۧӧ ާڧ, ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧҧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ էݧ 150 . ֧ݧӧ֧.

ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ էԧӧ

ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ ѧڧߧ ڧݧ ݧߧ ӧ֧ߧ ѧߧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ڧݧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ. ڧا ڧӧէ ݧܧ ߧ ӧ֧ӧڧ էԧӧ, ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ߧܧڧ ܧ ӧݧߧ֧ , ѧܧا ߧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ֧ާڧߧ ԧӧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ () ԧӧ ѧ֧ܧѧ ѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ().

WIPO Lex ٧ѧܧߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧ ܧ

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ WIPO Lex ֧էѧӧݧ֧ ҧ ӧ֧ҧ֧ާݧ ݧѧާ էݧ ڧܧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧܧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ էԧӧ ҧݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ.

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ()

ߧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ ҧݧѧ ӧѧߧ ٧ߧѧܧ, ާݧ֧ߧߧ ҧѧ٧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ () ӧݧ֧ ݧѧէܧ, ߧ ܧ ԧէѧӧ-ݧ֧ߧ ҧاէѧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧӧӧ ӧ, ܧѧѧڧ֧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧӧ ѧߧէѧ ҧݧѧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ.

ѧ֧էѧߧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ

f_wipo_8005424789_600
ԧڧ ԧѧڧ ߧ . (: )

֧ԧڧѧڧ ڧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ

ڧѧҧߧܧѧ ڧ֧ާ

ڧѧҧߧܧѧ ڧ֧ާ ٧ӧݧ֧ ݧڧ ѧߧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ ߧ֧ܧݧܧڧ ѧߧѧ. ݧ ԧ ֧ҧ֧ էѧ ֧اէߧѧէߧ ҧ էߧ ٧ѧӧܧ ߧ էߧ ٧ܧ ݧѧڧ էڧ ߧѧҧ ݧ էߧ ӧѧݧ.

ڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ 2015 .

ڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ڧߧڧ ӧԧ ѧܧ ڧѧҧߧܧԧ ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ڧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ֧ԧڧѧڧ ݧ 11--21 ާѧ 2015 .

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ Lisbon Express

ѧ٧ էѧߧߧ Lisbon Express -- ֧ӧ ѧ ڧܧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ. ߧ էѧ֧ ҧ֧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ, ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ .

֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧާ٧ڧ

֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧާ٧ڧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ (), ܧ ӧէڧ ѧ էӧ ԧէ, ݧاڧ ާ֧ ӧ֧ ֧էѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧ ڧ٧ӧէڧ֧ݧ֧ էܧ, ٧ѧ֧ԧڧڧӧѧߧߧ ܧѧ , ֧ڧѧݧڧ ҧݧѧ ѧӧ ڧߧ ҧݧѧ; ߧ ݧѧէܧ ڧ ܧ ҧާ֧ ާߧ֧ߧڧާ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ӧѧ, ڧާ֧ڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ. ֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧާ٧ڧ ӧߧڧ ֧ߧߧ ӧܧݧѧ էڧѧݧ, ӧ֧էڧۧ ߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ӧߧ. ֧٧֧ߧѧڧ, էԧӧݧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧڧܧѧާ ڧާ٧ڧާ, է֧اڧ ҧԧѧѧ ڧߧާѧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ߧѧڧާ֧ߧӧѧߧڧ ާ֧ ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ѧߧѧ.

(: Vtor Martins)

֧اէߧѧէߧ ڧާ٧ڧ ԧ֧ԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ

ڧѧҧ, ԧѧݧڧ, 2C4 ڧݧ 2019 .