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Обеспечение уважения интеллектуальной собственности

֧ާݧ֧ߧڧ ѧڧڧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ӧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ () ӧڧѧ ܧݧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ ӧ֧է֧ ѧҧ ӧ֧ާ ާڧ ܧѧ ӧڧާ ԧէѧӧѧާ-ݧ֧ߧѧާ, ѧ ԧէѧӧ֧ߧߧާ ѧߧާ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧާ.

ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ C ާڧӧѧߧڧ ݧӧڧ, ܧ ާا֧ ӧݧߧ ݧ ڧާݧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ ӧ֧ӧ. ާ ԧ, ٧էѧߧڧ ݧӧڧ, ܧ ڧ֧ާ ѧߧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ֧ ѧӧ֧էݧڧӧ ҧݧѧԧ ܧѧ էݧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ, ѧ էݧ ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ֧ .

֧էӧ ߧѧ֧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧݧѧ ާ ֧ާڧާ ҧӧӧѧ ڧѧݧߧ-ܧߧާڧ֧ܧާ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ҧݧѧԧߧڧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ӧ֧ܧ էߧ ҧݧѧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ (֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ 45). ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ާاߧ ҧ֧ ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ, ӧܧݧѧڧ ֧ҧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ, ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧݧ, ӧߧ֧է֧ߧڧ է֧ݧӧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ էߧڧ֧ӧ ߧ ӧߧ ֧اէ֧ߧڧ.

ݧاڧ ާ, ѧާܧѧ ܧԧ ӧ֧ӧڧ ٧ѧڧߧ֧֧ӧѧߧߧ ߧ ֧է֧ݧ, ҧاէѧ ѧ٧ѧҧѧӧѧ ӧ֧ܧڧ էէ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ .

(: Getty Images/Alengo)

WIPO ALERT C ٧ѧڧ֧ߧߧѧ ߧݧѧۧߧӧѧ ݧѧާ, ߧ ܧ ԧէѧӧ-ݧ֧ߧ ާԧ ٧ѧԧاѧ էҧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ ӧ֧-ѧۧѧ ڧݧا֧ߧڧ, ߧ֧ߧڧ ܧ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧ, ߧ, ԧݧѧߧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ߧާѧ, ߧѧѧ ѧӧܧ ѧӧ.

ӧߧѧ ѧݧܧ

ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ  C ҧ٧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧݧѧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ݧ֧էߧڧ ҧڧ ާڧ. ا֧ܧӧѧѧݧߧ ҧݧݧ֧֧ߧ.

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ݧ

ڧѧݧ ӧѧ ݧڧڧܧ: ߧݧѧڧӧߧ ܧާڧ֧ ٧ѧڧ ѧ ()

ӧ֧ѧ֧ ٧ ӧ ݧڧڧܧ ҧݧѧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ . ާڧ֧ ҧ ֧اէ֧ 2002 . ٧ѧߧڧާѧ֧ ӧѧާ, ӧ٧ѧߧߧާ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ֧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ, ѧܧڧާ ܧѧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ާ, ܧէڧߧѧڧ ݧڧڧܧ ӧ֧֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ.

ѧ֧էѧߧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ

(: )

ާ ԧէѧӧѧ-ݧ֧ߧѧ

էߧ ڧ ߧӧߧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧ֧ է֧֧ݧߧ ٧ѧܧݧѧ֧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ ާ ԧէѧӧѧ-ݧ֧ߧѧ (ܧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ߧڧѧݧ, ާ ӧѧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ) ֧ݧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ۧڧӧ ݧӧڧ էݧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ .

էߧڧ֧ӧ ѧߧ֧ѧާ

ܧݧܧ ӧ ҧݧ ԧѧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ ڧѧ֧, ѧ ӧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ֧ѧ ֧ ֧ߧԧ էߧڧ֧ӧ ާ֧اէ ڧܧڧ ܧԧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ѧߧ֧.

ӧ֧ߧڧ ڧߧާڧӧѧߧߧ

ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ҧݧ֧ ԧݧҧܧԧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ڧ٧ߧѧߧڧ ֧ߧߧ ֧٧ݧѧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ӧݧ֧ ӧѧاߧ ѧԧ ߧ ڧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ .

֧ާ ӧ

(: iStockphoto.com/blacklenz)

ߧѧѧܧߧ ӧѧ

ߧѧѧܧڧ ٧ѧѧԧڧӧѧ֧ ҧݧڧߧӧ ѧݧ֧, ڧ٧ԧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧էާ֧ ܧ է ڧ٧ӧէӧ ѧާ ѧ٧ߧ ֧ҧڧ֧ݧܧڧ ӧѧ, ӧݧ է ٧ѧѧߧ ѧ֧ էݧ ѧӧާҧڧݧ֧, ݧ֧ܧҧӧ ڧҧ ڧԧ֧. ڧѧݧߧ-ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧էӧڧ ܧߧѧѧܧڧ ܧѧѧ ߧ ݧܧ ڧߧ֧֧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ ѧ ߧ , ߧ ֧ҧڧ֧ݧ֧ ҧ֧ӧ ֧ݧ.

(: Istockphoto.com/Garsya)

ѧߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ѧӧ

ѧ֧ߧڧ ѧ ѧ ٧ѧѧԧڧӧѧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ֧ڧڧ, ӧ٧ ֧ ӧѧ ӧ ڧէڧܧڧ, ڧާ֧ߧڧާԧ ٧ѧܧߧէѧ֧ݧӧ, ѧܧا ڧ٧ߧѧߧڧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ ӧݧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ ڧߧѧߧߧ է.

(: Project REN/UNEP)

ߧڧا֧ߧڧ ӧѧ, ߧѧѧڧ ѧӧ

ا֧էߧ֧ӧߧ ѧާا֧ߧߧ ԧѧߧ ӧ ӧ֧ ާڧ ѧ֧ӧӧѧ ӧѧ, ߧѧѧڧ ѧӧ . ҧ֧ ѧѧܧ֧ ѧ֧ӧѧߧߧ ӧѧ էڧܧ֧ ߧ֧ҧէڧާ ڧߧڧ ݧѧߧӧ, ܧէڧߧڧӧѧߧߧ ߧ ߧѧߧڧ ֧ҧ ܧاѧ֧ ֧է էէ ڧ ߧڧا֧ߧڧ.